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Stocks

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(4746 total words in this text) (9253 reads)   


What is Stock?

How many times over the past few years have you turned on the news only to hear that technology stocks are up, industrials are down, or the Dow Jones has reached a new high?

Have you wondered what, exactly, everyone is talking about when they discuss the stock market?

You may have participated in some of these conversations, and if you invest in a mutual fund you probably own stock. But what exactly is a stock?

Shares of stock represent individual pieces of ownership (or equity) in a corporation. These corporations issue shares of stock as a means of raising business capital. Investors who buy these shares of stock either during an initial public stock offering or later in a secondary market become partial owners of the firm. Stocks shares are bought and sold on an open market and earn income in two ways. First, stocks earn a long-term shareholder income by payment of dividends, which are regular distributions of a company's profits to its shareholders. Second, shareholders that trade more often also earn income by transacting shares at varying prices. Prices of stocks are dependent on investors’ expectations of the value of a firm at any point in time. For example, if an investor buys shares of a firms stock at one price and sells them at a higher price, the difference between the two prices is profit that the investor earns. There are three basic categories of stock available for public purchase: common stock, preferred stock, and stock options.

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CAUTION:

TRADING COMMODITIES, STOCKS AND/OR COMMODITY OR STOCK OPTIONS INVOLVES RISK. MONEY CAN BE LOST AND/OR MADE TRADING ANY SECURITY AND/OR OPTION. PAST PERFORMANCE OF A TRADING SYSTEM OR MARKET IS NOT NECESSARILY INDICATIVE OF THE FUTURE PERFORMANCE OF THAT SAME SYSTEM OR MARKET. MOCK TRADING AND ITS HYPOTHETICAL PERFORMANCE RESULTS ARE INHERENTLY LIMITED AND SHOULD ONLY BE USED AS A LEARNING TOOL AND NOT A MEASURE OF FUTURE PERFORMANCE. NO REPRESENTATION IS BEING MADE THAT ANY ACCOUNT WILL, OR IS LIKELY TO ACHIEVE PROFITS OR LOSSES SIMILAR TO THOSE DISCUSSED WITHIN THIS SITE, SUPPORT AND TEXTS. OUR COURSES SHOULD BE USED AS LEARNING AIDS ONLY AND SHOULD NOT BE USED TO INVEST REAL MONEY. IF YOU DECIDE TO INVEST REAL MONEY, ALL TRADING DECISIONS SHOULD BE YOUR OWN.


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